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Влияние лактации и питания на здоровье кормящей женщины

https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-21-75-82

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Аннотация

Лактация вносит вклад в процесс восстановления организма матери после беременности и может влиять на множество аспектов материнского здоровья в более зрелом возрасте. Преимущества грудного вскармливания в краткосрочной перспективе связаны с более быстрым послеродовом психологическим и эмоциональным восстановлением. В долгосрочной перспективе лактация снижает риск развития рака груди, яичников и эндометрия, а также ряда других заболеваний сильнее, если исключительно грудное вскармливание продолжается 6 и более месяцев. Нерациональное питание кормящей матери является одним из самых разрушительных факторов именно для ее здоровья. Также важно помнить, что количество молока зависит от частоты прикладываний к груди и нет доказательств в отношении пищевых продуктов, лекарственных растений или медикаментозных средств, способствующих пролонгации лактации или увеличивающих объем молока. Разнообразный сбалансированный рацион, включающий натуральные и специализированные продукты для кормящих матерей, а также БАД к пище - источники витаминов и минералов, может гарантировать, что мать потребляет достаточное количество нутриентов как для себя, так и для грудного ребенка.

Об авторах

С. В. Орлова
Российский университет дружбы народов
Россия

Орлова Светлана Владимировна - доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой диетологии и клинической нутрициологии.

Москва.



Е. А. Никитина
Российский университет дружбы народов
Россия

Никитина Елена Александровна - кандидат медицинских наук, доцент кафедры диетологии и клинической нутрициологии.

Москва.



А. Н. Водолазкая
ООО «Эль-Клиник»
Россия

Водолазкая Ангелина Николаевна - врач диетолог-эндокринолог медицинского центра.

Москва.



Л. Ю. Волкова
Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр терапии и профилактической медицины Минздрава России
Россия

Волкова Людмила Юрьевна - кандидат медицинских наук, старший преподаватель отдела организационно-методического управления и анализа качества медицинской помощи.

Москва.



Е. В. Прокопенко
ООО «МС Груп»
Россия

Прокопенко Елена Валерьевна - врач-эндокринолог, диетолог, врач-методолог медицинского департамента.

Москва.



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Для цитирования:


Орлова С.В., Никитина Е.А., Водолазкая А.Н., Волкова Л.Ю., Прокопенко Е.В. Влияние лактации и питания на здоровье кормящей женщины. Медицинский алфавит. 2021;(21):75-82. https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-21-75-82

For citation:


Orlova S.V., Nikitina E.A., Vodolazkaya A.N., Volkova L.Yu., Prokopenko E.V. Influence of lactation and nutrition on health of nursing woman. Medical alphabet. 2021;(21):75-82. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-21-75-82

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