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Обзор рекомендаций Международной федерации акушеров-гинекологов (FIGO) по питанию в подростковом, прегравидарном и послеродовом периодах «Питание прежде всего»

https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-8-14-24

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Питание в подростковом, прегравидарном и послеродовом периодах является серьезной задачей в области общественного здравоохранения, так как от этого зависит не только здоровье подростков и женщин, но и здоровье будущих поколений. Поэтому рекомендации FIGO нацелены на решение ряда проблем, касающихся питания подростков и молодых женщин до, во время и после беременности. Медицинские работники должны думать о питании в первую очередь, уделяя особое внимание оптимизации питания и здоровья подростков и матерей начиная с прегравидарного периода. Такой подход поможет добиться существенных положительных результатов в обеспечении здоровья женщин и их детей, а также в обеспечении здоровья, продолжительности жизни и благополучия будущих поколений. Представлены основные выводы по применению микронутриентов (витаминов и минералов). Известно, что количество калорий, необходимое для развития ребенка во время беременности, возрастает незначительно, в то время как потребности в витаминах и минералах увеличиваются существенно. Поэтому беременным следует сконцентрироваться на повышении уровня потребления микронутриентов и попытаться ограничить употребление продуктов с «пустыми» калориями.

Об авторе

О. А. Громова
Институт фармакоинформатики ФГУ «Федеральный исследовательский центр „Информатика и управление“» Российской академии наук; Центр хранения и анализа больших данных ФГБОУ ВО «Московский государственный университет имени М.В. Ломоносова»
Россия

Громова Ольга Алексеевна - доктор медицинских наук, профессор, ведущий научный сотрудник, научный руководитель ФИЦ ИУ РАН; ведущий научный сотрудник Центр хранения и анализа больших данных МГУ им. М.В. Ломоносова.

Москва.

РИНЦ SPIN-код: 6317-9833

AuthorID: 94901

Scopus Author ID: 7003589812

WOS ID J-4946-2017



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Для цитирования:


Громова О.А. Обзор рекомендаций Международной федерации акушеров-гинекологов (FIGO) по питанию в подростковом, прегравидарном и послеродовом периодах «Питание прежде всего». Медицинский алфавит. 2021;(8):14-24. https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-8-14-24

For citation:


Gromova O.A. Review of nutritional guidelines "Nutrition First" for adolescent, pregravid and postpartum periods by International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. Medical alphabet. 2021;(8):14-24. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.33667/2078-5631-2021-8-14-24

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ISSN 2078-5631 (Print)